Hip-hop dance refers to social or choreographed dance styles primarily danced to hip-hop music. What separates hip-hop dance from other forms of dance is that it is often freestyle (improvizational) in nature and hip-hop dancers frequently engage in battles - formal or informal freestyle dance competitions.
B-Boying is a form of dancing that involves rapid acrobatic moves in which different parts of the body touch the ground, normally performed to the rhythm of rap music. These dancers often participate in battles, formal or informal dance competitions between two individuals or two crews. Although "breakdance" is a common term, "b-boying" and "breaking" are preferred by the majority of the art form's pioneers and most notable practitioners.
Body popping is based on the technique of quickly contracting and relaxing muscles to cause a jerk in the dancer's body, referred to as a pop, tick or a hit. Like other styles of street dance, popping is often performed in a battle trying to outperform another dancer or group of dancers in front of a crowd. This gives room for improvisation and moves that are seldom seen in shows and performances.
Liquid dancing has many moves in common with popping and waving. It is an illusion-based forms of gestural, interpretive dance that sometimes involve aspects of pantomime. The dance is typically done to a variety of electronic dance music genres from trance to drum and bass to glitch hop, depending on the dancer's musical taste.
Clowning is the less aggressive predecessor to krumping and was created in 1992 by Thomas "Tommy the Clown" Lamoreaux. In the 1990s, Tommy and his dancers, the Hip Hop Clowns, would paint their faces and perform clowning for children at birthday parties or for the general public at other functions as a form of entertainment.